Author: July Soe
The domestic fertilizer industry in Myanmar is concentrated around the production of urea fertilizer from the abundant sources of natural gas in the country. Fertilizer plants in Myanmar are scattered in Salay, Kyunchaung and Kyaw Swa, and another production of urea fertilizer from two new fertilizer plants, Myaung Daga in Hmawbi Township and another in Kan Gyi Dauk of Pathein Township, will support domestic requirements in the future (Tin Maung Shwe 2011). Those are all State Owned Enterprises (SOEs). Myanmar produced only 100,000 tons of fertilizer annually at home and another 900,000 tons are needed to meet the heavy demand of 1 million tons for crop cultivation (en.trend.az/capital/business/1386274.html).
In 2012 and 2013, 208,615 and 156,586 metric tons (MT) of urea fertilizer was produced (MOALI, 2014). In 2012, fertilizer imports in Myanmar were 35,858 tons of nitrogen fertilizer, 21,750 tons of phosphate fertilizer, and 16,547 tons of potassium fertilizer (FAO, online database). The distribution of fertilizer by MOALI was 13,612 MT in 2006-07, and it was decreased to 5,707 MT in 2010-11 (CSO, 2011).
Illustration photo: In Myanmar, agricultural methods here have changed little in the past millennia with few modern inputs such as fertilizer, pesticides and machinery. (credits: Marie-Theres Benner EU / ECHO / Flickr CC BY-ND 2.0)